This essay will discourse the ways in which the constructs of societal fluency and good genteelness within society are elements of pride and bias which are portrayed in Jane Austen ‘s Pride and Prejudice. Throughout the essay the two subjects will be carefully analysed along with the literary techniques Jane Austen uses within the novel. Merely so can it be seen how Austen finally relates them with the constructs of societal fluency and good genteelness within society. From so a decision can be drawn saying whether there is so a relationship between both pride and bias every bit good as the construct of good genteelness and societal fluency. However, it can be said beforehand that there is an obvious relationship in respects to prejudice and good genteelness as frequently in society during Austen ‘s epoch, bias was demonstrated when person did n’t hold a high respect for another ‘s fortunes whether it be financially or otherwise.
For parents, making a successful repute for their kids was of great importance in order to impel them into society. Boys were needed to be seen as
gentleman and for misss they were expected to be seen every bit good behaved adult females. Womans particularly were seen to be delicate animals, that when on their ain, they were vulnerable to everything and everyone around them. Austen nevertheless uses comedy to great consequence in the novel when demoing the difference in category for illustration, when Elizabeth walks to Netherfield to see Jane and appears in forepart of Miss Bingley and her friends with her skirt covered in clay. This demonstrates a degree of ignorance from Elizabeth every bit good as demoing her muliebrity to be slightly different and non every bit utmost as for illustration Miss Bingley ‘s, who is obsessed with the impression that holding a elegant repute is cardinal to acquiring what you want out of life. Miss Bingley frequently throughout the fresh imposes her ain beliefs through how she speaks and through her actions, portraying a clannish character. Miss Bingley finally believes she is the prototype and basically the kernel of Netherfield.
Although Austen uses comedy alongside the issue of repute she besides shows the serious nature of it. An illustration of this is when Miss Lydia Bennet elopes with George Wickham. This intern about ostracises the Bennet ‘s from society, as Lydia ran off out of marriage, which so was frowned upon greatly. Darcy nevertheless intervenes and forces Wickham to get married Lydia Bennet.
The two idiosyncrasies that are prejudice and pride can be suggested as obvious word pictures of the two chief characters in the novel, those being Elizabeth Bennet and William Darcy, who ‘s fortunes are much favorable than Miss Bennet ‘s. William Darcy as a character personifies pride and arrogance whether it be verbally or physically, where as his friend Mr Bingley who is besides financially good off, is the complete antonym of Darcy in respects to his idiosyncrasy. This therefore demonstrates that person in a comfortable place is n’t ever proud and disagreeable. Prejudice within the text could be displayed towards the Bennett ‘s through Darcy due to their societal category, nevertheless it could be conceived that Elizabeth is prejudiced towards Darcy, particularly when he refuses to dance with her. What does their relationship genuinely consist of though? Is it merely ideal in footings of economic sciences and that their suitableness is strictly fiscal?
To a certain extent yesA? nevertheless the two portion a ruthless quality in their ventures ; Elizabeth portrays this through her determined personality which is dominated by her ethical motives and thoughts of how love should be perceived. Darcy ‘s nevertheless is through his wealth, although it is known he was born into fortunate fortunes, the novel reflects his ability in keeping his wealth and adding to it. Besides when he begins to demo his esteem for Elizabeth he is n’t put off by her deficiency of fondness for him and continues to turn out himself by even helping a personal enemy in Wickham in order to finally aid Elizabeth ‘s sister Lydia and intern the Bennet household.
This sense of pitilessness can besides be seen in how Jane Austen writes. Often she uses the phrase ; “ violently in love ”[ 1 ]. Which non merely can it be considered as an oxymoron, it besides can be perceived to be a description of how deep and how passionate the love is between Elizabeth and William Darcy. On the other manus it can be said, to be used as an component of irony between the two characters particularly if it is shown in relation to Darcy ‘s amour propre and haughtiness portrayed in the beginning of the novel. However the fact Austen uses this possibly to foreground the significance love has on a individual and to demo its importance in life. Jane Austen may see love and fondness as life ‘s ultimate signifier of felicity, and this could be to a great extent influenced by her ain fortunes in life non affecting love and that of her sister Cassandra who lost her love.
Although Darcy possibly considered being unashamed of his pride, for many of the characters they are shown to be possibly nescient or even unmindful and unaware of their pride, for illustration the behavior of one of Elizabeth ‘s siblings Mary who embarrasses herself and the household when playing the piano and vocalizing in public. Her male parent makes it known he does non wish her to play any longer by proposing to her that she should let person else to play. It is so, that Sir William Lucas intervenes by besides proposing that Mary should halt nevertheless he still praises her ability and gustatory sensation, which in bend encouragements Mary Bennet ‘s self-importance massively and intern she is incognizant of the ground why others wish her to halt, doing her naif in respects to her ability.
An obvious illustration of ignorance and pride is of class when Elizabeth Bennet declines Mr Collin ‘s matrimony proposal and so goes on to add ;
“ I do assure you, sir, that I have no pretenses whatever to that sort of elegance which consists in torturing a respectable adult male. I would instead be paid the compliment of being believed sincere. I thank you once more and once more for the honor you have done me in your proposals, but to accept them is perfectly impossible. My feelings in every regard forbid it. Can I talk plainer? Do non see me now as an elegant female, meaning to blight you, but as a rational animal, talking the truth from her bosom. ”[ 2 ]
By declining Mr. Collin ‘s offer it could be interpreted that Elizabeth is selfish in worsening after all Austen highlights the importance of the misss get marrieding good, and Mr. Collins is set to inherit the Bennet ‘s estate. Showing that Elizabeth is finally seting herself foremost instead than helping her household, nevertheless it can be said if Elizabeth was to except, we would more than probably sympathise with her character as Austen portrays Mr. Collins to be slightly subdued and weak compared to the other work forces in the novel.
Although Elizabeth ‘s response is clear in rejecting Mr. Collins ‘ proposal, he nevertheless, chooses himself to reject and disregard her refusal and believes it to be portion of her feminine behavior. He besides wholly refuses to believe that she could n’t perchance love him. However is it truly love that Mr. Collins is seeking for? It can be considered that love is something Mr Collins does n’t needfully experience in respects to Elizabeth, as his character emphasiss throughout the novel, that it is the want of his frequenter Lady Catherine de Bourgh, that he finds a married woman. This suggests that it is non his determination that he does so. After Elizabeth ‘s rejection the velocity in which he so asks Charlotte Lucas after besides re-enforces this statement that it ‘s simply a mission of his to happen himself a married woman to delight Lady Catherine de Bourgh who in the novel, is chesty and demanding. She is seen as the ultimate power in society in respects to category and she has the finance to hike her societal position.
The construct of “ good genteelness ” is a major facet of Elizabeth ‘s traffics with Lady Catherine de Bourgh. Knowing through Austen ‘s descriptions of Elizabeth being fine-looking, it can be presumed that her Ladyship would happen Elizabeth as a menace. Her uninterrupted inquiries to Elizabeth asking on her household show disdain towards the Bennet ‘s place. For illustration Lady Catherine de Bourgh asks about the Bennet ‘s holding a governess and when greeted with the response that they did non she adds ;
“ No governess! How was that possible? Five girls brought up at place without a governess! I ne’er heard of such a thing. Your female parent must hold been rather a slave to your instruction. ”[ 3 ]
The manner Austen has phrased Lady Catherine ‘s response reflects a grade of pride and ignorance, proposing she chooses to disregard the truth as she has ne’er heard of it. This besides gives us an penetration into the two separate lives which Elizabeth and Lady Catherine lead. Lady Catherine besides enquires about Elizabeth ‘s sisters being out in society, meaning its importance by holding it necessary ; after all it was a cardinal portion of life during Austen ‘s clip. However, it is clear that she does n’t hold with the response she receives from Elizabeth about them all being out in society. Lady Catherine answers ;
“ All – What, all five out at one time? Very uneven! – And you merely the 2nd. – The younger 1s out before the senior are married! ”[ 4 ]
By stating this, she suggests it to be unusual and by Austen utilizing the word “ uneven ”[ 5 ]this can be conceived as Lady Catherine noticing on the household in general demoing a grade of snobbism and this finally shows a deficiency of grasp from Lady Catherine towards Miss Bennet ‘s household manner of life. Besides the fact Elizabeth chooses to reply Lady Catherine back, possibly shows a grade of crust from Miss Bennet. This behavior to other characters within the novel may defile Elizabeth ‘s character in respects to her genteelness. It could be suggested nevertheless that Elizabeth ‘s pride and bias thrusts her to act sharply in order to support herself against Lady Catherine ‘s inquiries. Although this so goes on to do Lady Catherine see Elizabeth as a menace, particularly in respects to her girl Ann, who Lady Catherine hopes to get married, William Darcy.
Lady Catherine finally feels it is her right to notice on everyone around her. Her wealth and societal position make her an influential character that manipulates others to her ain personal desires. An illustration of this is Mr. Collin ‘s who instantly follows her wants of him get marrieding. It ‘s clear to see he ‘s so interested in delighting her that he instantly seeks Charlotte Lucas ‘ manus in matrimony after Elizabeth fails to accept his proposal, despite him non truly cognizing her. In the novel it is besides really clear to see of Lady Catherine ‘s affect on Mr. Collins. With him being a reverend, you would anticipate Mr. Collins non to be obsessed with wealth and position. However, throughout the novel he feels the demand to drop Lady Catherine ‘s name in conversation every bit good as facets of her wealth. It could be suggested that he does this in order to derive regard from the Bennet ‘s and to overall topographic point himself high in society holding known Lady Catherine de Bourgh.
Not every character in the novel is who they deemed to be from the start like Lady Catherine. For illustration George Wickham, at the start is seen to be the ideal gentleman, particularly by Elizabeth. Everyone who does n’t cognize his past idolises him. Compared to Darcy he is the prototype of good genteelness and is good mannered. However, this is non the instance when his yesteryear is all of a sudden displayed through Darcy ‘s missive to Elizabeth. By run offing with Lydia Bennet excessively, it signifies his character to be slightly ambidextrous and false. His fiscal state of affairs every bit good descends his position within society and it can be seen that his purposes were n’t honorable to the Bennet household from the start.
Charlotte Lucas is besides another character who depends on amenitiess. All though through the novel it is clear to see she is n’t a character who wishes to be in the
limelight like for illustration Miss Bingley. By accepting Mr. Collin ‘s matrimony proposal it can be said that Charlotte is despairing to be comfy in society.
“ I am non a romantic, you know ; I ne’er was. I ask merely a comfy place ; and sing Mr. Collin ‘s character, connexions and state of affairs in life, I am convinced that my opportunity of felicity with him is every bit just as most people can tout on come ining the matrimony province. ”[ 6 ]
This gives the reader the impression that despite Charlotte Lucas non being a romantic, it can be said that she still desires to be involved in the societal hierarchy. The word “ connexions ” suggests that holding Mr. Collin ‘s know people within the elect societal circle, will aide her really good in life. Being Elizabeth ‘s best friend nevertheless it may be presumed that Miss Lucas would be more like Elizabeth and have similar behavioral qualities. However it is clear to see that Charlotte is in fact a batch more reserved than Elizabeth is. Charlotte Lucas finally demonstrates the adult female stereotype of that epoch, her being a well behaved bred adult female which was to be expected from adult females.
Mrs Bennet every bit good as Lady Catherine, is obsessed with societal control and is willing to make anything in her power to pull strings and bag a rich adult male for her girls. It can be suggested that the act of seeking to acquire her girls to get married good is more for her ain benefit than that of her girls. Her character is one that needs chitchat and her engagement in middle-class society is of import to the novel. Although she and the Bennet ‘s reside in the upper-class ‘ company, her behavior is non ever favoured for illustration when Darcy remarks on her behavior in his missive to Elizabeth and when he besides remarks on her behavior to Miss Bingley when they reflect on their clip in Hertfordshire, where he describes his first brush Elizabeth ;
“ She a beauty! I should every bit shortly name her female parent a humor. ”[ 7 ]
Another illustration of Mrs Bennet ‘s behavior being influenced by societal position is when she tries to coerce Elizabeth to get married Mr. Collins. Her behavior becomes about child-like when Elizabeth refuses. Once she finds out he is so engaged to Charlotte Lucas Mrs. Bennet personifies green-eyed monster. Alongside this grounds it can be seen Mrs. Bennet has a false sense of pride as she believes herself to hold a high position. However this is non the instance and when she is around those that are, we can see through her actions that she does n’t hold the poses and graces that others such as Miss Bingley have. Although with those characters they depict a certain grade of pride and haughtiness and this become apparent when they are around those who are non.
Is Lydia Bennet a contemplation of Mrs Bennet? To a certain extent it can be said yes but in respects to desiring to populate an utmost societal life and go toing all the best balls and assemblies. It is apprehensible nevertheless for a immature miss to be influenced to a great extent by society, as today in twenty-first century society this is besides the instance. Lydia ‘s ruin in character is when she elopes with Wickham. She ‘s swept off by the minute overall forgetting about her household and the consequence it may hold on her and her sisters.