Chapter 23 Vocab

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Les Hunter November 17,2009 Seat: Chp 23 vocab 6th hour 1. Medicines- drugs that are used to treat or prevent disease or other conditions. 2. Drugs- substances other than food that change the structure of the body or mind. 3. Vaccine-a preperation introduced into the body to stimulate an immune response. 4. Analgesics-pain relievers. 5. side effects- reactions to medicine other than the one intended. 6. Additive interaction- medicins work together in a postive way. 7. Synergistic effect- interaction of two or more medicines that result in a greater effect than when the medicines are taken alone. . Antagonistic interaction- the effect of one medicine is canceled or reduced when taken with another medicine. 9. Substance abuse- any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for nonmedical purposes. 10. Illegal drugs- chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manfacture, possess, buy, or sell. 11. Illicit drug use- the use or sale of any sbstance that is legal or otherwise not permitted. 12. Overdose-a strong, sometimes fatal reaction to taking a large amount of a drug. 13.

Psychological dependence-a condition when a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally. 14. Physiological dependence- a condition in which the user has a chemical needfor the drug. 15. Addiction- a physiological or psychological dependence on a drug. 16. Marijuana- a plant whose leaves, buds, and flowers are smoked for their intoxicating effects. 17. Paranoia-an irratational suspicousness or distrust of others. 18. Inhalants- substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve a mind-altering effect. 9. Anabolic-androgenic steroids- synthetic substances that are similar to the male sex hormone testosterone. 20. Psychoactive drugs- chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain. 21. Stimulants- drugs that speed up the central nervous system. 22. Euphoria- a feeling of intense well-being or elation. 23. Depressants- drugs that tend to slow down the central nervous system. 24. Narcoticts-specific drugs derived from the opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve pain. 5. Hallucinogens- drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell and touch. 26. Designer drugs- synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucinogens and other dangerous drugs. 27. Drug-free school zones-areas within 1,000 feet of schools and designated by signs, within people caught selling drugs receive especially severe penalties. 28. Drug watches- organized community efforts by neighborhood residents to patrol, monitor, report, and otherwise try to stop drug deals and drug abuse.