Esther is non a typical book in the Bible. It is an astonishing narration that ties calamity and victory. The composing of this book may good hold been at the terminal of the Persian Empire and toward the terminal of the 4th century B.C. ( Matthews & A ; Moyer, 2005, p. 272 ) . The presentation of the narrative is in a theatrical signifier that leaves the reader with feelings of ambiguity and machination. The intent of the book is didactic with the glory of the Judaic people and the account of the beginning and significance of the banquet of Purim on the fourteenth and fifteenth of Adar ( February-March ) . The book was intended as a comfort for Israel reminding the people that God ‘s Providence continually watches over them every bit long as they stay faithful and turn to him on sincere penitence. Even though the name of God is non mentioned in the narrations, it is understood that the secret plan represents the activity of God in human history.
Not even 70 year ago, six million Jews were murdered in Nazi Germany. Esther relates to this fact through the dramatic saving of Iranian Jews in the face of extinction and reasoning with the Feast of Purim which commemorates the rescue from this pending slaughter. As a adult female, Esther experienced an unbelievable transmutation most unusual for adult females of the times. This paper will research the presentation, features, and cultural functions of Esther on the HBOT.
The character of Esther goes from a inactive adult female who allows others to direct her life to a adult female who uses her beauty to her advantage and who takes appropriate action capable of interrupting the deadliest regulations. Initially Esther is presented as a compliant adult female who was adopted by Mordecai and who followed obedient to Mordecai ‘s instructions to maintain her individuality conceal from the King. McGeough, K ( 2008 ) likewise suggests that Esther is an unfortunate function theoretical account for adult females: a function theoretical account of conformity with patriarchy typical criticized by alleged Second Wave women’s rightists and Third Wave women’s rightists. The immature kid was non merely obedient but in Esther 2:7-8 refers to how she was gathered with the other adult females and placed under the detention of Hegai. In portion this submissiveness may hold eradicated from her immature stamp age and deficiency of adulthood as a adult female, when captured to go portion of Xerxe ‘s hareem. However, similar statements have been made bespeaking that Esther submissiveness was related to gender and non every bit much adulthood. Oren, D ( 2009 ) points out that a adult female was assumed to be an obedient married woman ( 1:20 ) , a beautiful immature virgin or a courtesan. We must besides retrieve that the Iranian Jews at that clip were a minority group likely treated as castaway and that submissiveness could hold been more of a endurance accomplishment that a typical feature of a character. In other words, there may be a strong connexion between Esther ‘s gender individuality and her Judaic individuality. Whichever is the instance, Esther became an illustration or the footing for Diaspora. McGeough, K ( 2009 ) stated that this place of failing reflects the low-level place of Jews in a Diaspora scene, doing Esther the figure with whom Diaspora Jews would place.
Esther, a adult female in a adult male ‘s universe, had an advantage. The scriptural poetries do non advert if she had any particular accomplishments or intelligence. Contrary, McGeough ( 2008 ) references that Esther ‘s intelligence and accomplishments are apparent by the usage of schemes that gained favour among powerful persons foremost, and so utilizing that favour to convert them to act in certain ways. Possibly, he is speaking about a combination of submissiveness and beauty that made her so attractive to others. Undoubtedly, female sex entreaty has been the secret arm usage to get the better of even the most powerful adult male and besides the kind of all cause of problems. In fact this is mentioned on Proverbs 23: 27-28 where the author warns work forces against falling on enticement by adult females: “ For a prostitute is a deep ditch ; and a unusual adult female is a narrow cavity. She besides lies in delay as for a quarry, and increases the transgressors among work forces ” . Esther 2:9e explains how Hegai felt, “ The miss pleased him and won his favour. Immediately, he provided her with her beauty interventions and particular nutrient. He assigned to her seven amahs selected from the castle and moved her and her amahs into the best topographic point in the hareem ” . Feminist groups feel otherwise. Wootton, J ( 2007 ) portrays Esther as on one manus the worst possible illustration of a adult female who uses her gender to acquire what she wants without disputing the patriarchate of her twenty-four hours, and on the other, the type of a powerful adult female who grows into her ain powers during the narrative. In fact, the reader of Proverbs is told that portion of wisdom is to happen favour in the eyes of work forces ( Prov. 3:4 ) . Esther explicitly does so in 2:9, 15, 17 ; and 5:2 and non in a inactive manner. One must retrieve that she found favour among everyone and she chooses how to score the King by following Hegai ‘s advice on what to take to the King ‘s Chamberss. The truth is that Xerxes competition was nil but an ancestry version of the Bachelor. His hunt should hold been limited to baronial households but alternatively, it turned into the hunt for Persia ‘s top theoretical account. Apparently, the primary making was beauty which merely affirms that a adult female back in those times was merely every bit valuable as she is beautiful.
It is besides difficult to believe that Esther was non cognizant of her beauty. First, Esther 2:7 describes her as “ she was lovely in signifier and characteristics ” and so it besides follows to explicate how Esther was “ taken ” . She was ne’er given up by Mordecai but instead spotted and taken by force but non before Mordecai instructed her to cover her existent individuality. The ground Mordecai took that measure in progress was because he knew that her physical features made her base out as a sore and that she would decidedly be noticed in the crowd. The context of the whole first chapter is set for the beautiful orphan Esther or Hadassah to take her topographic point in history with a portrayal of adult female as a inactive sex object, able to win merely by delighting work forces and by conforming to a male-centered position of adult females. Similar to Exodus, the full first chapter of the book and a few poetries of the 2nd chapter are merely poetries of debut to the character that will supply redemption. It would look that her secret arm was her beauty.
Four old ages go by before Xerxes could take his queen. Meanwhile, Esther undergoes a dynamic transmutation. She does non merely take her topographic point as queen and becomes a hero to the people of Israel. But Esther is non our typical hero ; she had a different function to execute. Her actions were different because of her function as a adult female. McGeough, K ( 2008 ) argues that male and female heroic Acts of the Apostless should be considered individually ; the subaltem place of adult females makes Esther ‘s epic actions different from a adult male ‘s epic actions, which are from a place of laterality. This laterality was good exemplified by the overexploitation of protocols. Laws are cardinal to the book of Esther and are the agencies through which she accomplished her ends but besides are the obstructions that create the secret plan in the narrative. Stern, E ( 2010 ) refers to how the many statute laws implemented every bit far as how much to imbibe ( 1.8 ) , what to make with a disobedient queen ( 1.15, 19 ) , how to seek for courtesans ( 2.8 ) , how to fix virgins for the hareem ( 2.12 ) , how to manage uninvited visual aspects before the male monarch ( 4.11, 16 ) , and the gravest matters-extermination of the Jews ( 3.12-15 ; 4.8 ) and the extinction of their enemies ( 8.13-14 ; 9.1, 14-15 ) -are topics of statute law. Esther once more had to utilize her submissiveness, beauty and convincing schemes to make the male monarch. She fasted, prayed and prepared herself for the highest grade of flood tide in the narrative, to demo uninvited in forepart of her King. Furthermore, she shows her audaciousness and strategic program by fixing a series of feasts to show her petition to the King.
The other obstruction for Esther was to uncover her true individuality as a Jew. Let us retrieve that the Jews were a minority group with their ain patterns and perchance non seen in the best of visible radiations by many including Haman. Amazingly plenty, Esther evildoings of the jurisprudence sing her unsummoned presence had a positive reaction in the narrative. Ironically her position as a Jew did non affected the King ‘s logical thinking. Through a series of adept political manoeuvres, Esther has brought about Haman ‘s ruin and saved the Jews. Another interesting point is the function reversal between Mordecai and Esther. Esther depended on Mordecai for her endurance during the formative old ages and one time Esther became Queen, he depended on her for his ain endurance and the endurance of his people. Esther ‘s conveying Mordechai ‘s message non merely makes her the cardinal figure but the defender of Mordecai and her people. Whether utilizing wisdom or beauty, Esther demonstrated a whole batch of decision and adulthood with her actions. Regardless of how one defines gallantry, it is present in the book of Esther.
However, the book of Esther is one which presents a narrative full of heroes, danger, scoundrels, and wisdom. Throughout Esther ‘s metamorphous transmutation, from a kid to muliebrity, her outstanding characteristics come alive and even derive the favour of the reader. The writer does non speak about the morality issues but alternatively, he inferred the lessons to be learned through the characters in the narrative and their actions. The wisdom narrative is grounds of Judaic Diaspora or motion while scattering out of the fatherland. The skip of God out of the narrative may hold depended on the author ‘s position. Babylonians had many divinities and the author may hold chosen to go forth the construct of God or Gods out of the narrative for spiritual intents and to surely pull the reader into the narrative screening God through his Providence over his people. Due to the sense of patriotism and the accent on the Festival of Purim in the narrative, one may infer that the author was Judaic in beginning but shacking in Persia as he seemed to be acquaintant with Iranian imposts. We must non bury that although Esther and Mordecai are indispensable to the narrative, the true intent of the narrative is the rescue for the Jews as an account for the Festival of Purim. The narrative is besides important because is the first clip where the word “ Jew ” is used intending that there was a more organized motion and cultural constitution. The book clearly reflects times when the people may hold been populating in communities in a more organized mode with stronger traditional imposts, nevertheless, keeping a place as a minority and perchance populating in an anti-semitic environment. What of all time is the historical cogency of the specific events depicted, Queen Esther became in history an instrument of hope to the Jews in the face of devastation.