While Benjamin Franklin ‘s “ Advice to A Young Man ” and Jamaica Kincaid ‘s “ Girl ” differ in picturing functions of adult females as holding great influence over work forces in our society, they both acknowledge the fact that adult females have important functions in determining our society.
Benjamin Franklin, Establishing Fathers of the United States, was born on January 17, 1706 and died on April 17, 1790 aged 84. Franklin was a lead writer and pressman, ironist, political theoretician, politician, postmaster, scientist, discoverer, civic militant, solon, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a important figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of natural philosophies for his finds as good theories sing electricity. He invented the glass ‘armonica ‘ , the Franklin range, bifocals, a passenger car mileometer, and the lightning rod. At the age of 24, Franklin publically acknowledged an illicit boy named William.
In June 25, 1745, Benjamin Franklin wrote a missive “ Advice to a Friend on Choosing a Mistress ” . In this he is advice to a immature adult male on how to impart his sexual impulses. He states that a redress for sexual desire is unknown. His advice would be to take a married woman. Having uncertainties that the intended reader will eventually acquire married ; the talker outlines several advantages of get marrieding. That the intended reader would win in his industry if he gets a healthy married woman. Harmonizing to Franklin, a prudent married woman is economical and she is sufficiently a luck. The writer is able to portray a adult female as really of import in any household ( McGovern 10 ) .
Incase the above statements fails ; Franklin lists seven accounts why an older kept woman is better than a immature one. Advantages include greater cautiousness in carry oning an machination, less hazard of unwanted gestation, and better conversation.
The writer advised the immature adult male that his repute will be safer with the commercialism of adult female. Harmonizing to Franklin, a adult female is able to safeguard her household ‘s reputes incase of an matter. She is capable of organizing a adult male ‘s manners by her good advocate.
Born in St. John ‘s, Antigua and Barbuda on May 25, 1949, as Elaine Cynthia Potter Richardson, Jamaica Kincaid is an American Caribbean nurseryman, writer and novelist. Throughout the academic twelvemonth she teaches at Claremont McKenna College in Claremont, California, resides with her household in North Bennington, Vermont, in the summers. In St. John ‘s, Antigua and Barbuda she was brought up by her female parent and stepfather, who was a carpenter, until 1965 at age of 19 where she moved to America, New York to work as an aupair. She changed her name to Jamaica Kincaid since her household criticized her authorship, in 1973. She has given birth to a boy, named Harold, and a girl, named Annie, with her former hubby Allen Shawn. She late converted to Judaism a minority faith with minority of Black people. She writes extensively on adult females and their relationships with one another, particularly female parent to her girl to be precise as depicted in her plants such as Annie John, Lucy, The Autobiography of My Mother, and “ Girl ” which a aggregation of narratives and was foremost published in 1983 in At the Bottom of the River.
In her verse form “ Girl ” she talks about the ethical motives and norms imposed on adult females by the humanity, and at times, their ain community and societal group every bit good. Here, the major subject of struggles between a female parent and her girl and traditional and Western or modern values are portrayed by her effectual illustration of girl ‘s relationship with her female parent. The literary work was done when St. John ‘s, Antigua and Barbuda was traveling from a colonial province and my people were at hamlets on whether to maintain African-based Obeah civilization or be assimilated in the British or Western ways ( Gioia and Kennedy 379 ) .
The talker in “ Girl ” employs the usage of changeless bid which makes obvious that she feels as if she ought to be pitiless and simple with the miss in order for her to be taken earnestly. The speechmaker desires the miss to cognize how to act, and the lone attack she finds in which to make so is by authorising the miss to make specific jobs and doing it look like there is alternate manner in which to execute them. The speechmaker tries to learn the miss by retroflexing all right points for case how to “ put a tabular array ” in five diverse fortunes. By showing that there is a great trade to be learned to adequately transport out a simple undertaking such as puting the tabular array, the speechmaker shows the miss that she ought to pay attending and set attempt to win as a adult female. In this manner, the talker acts as a function theoretical account every bit good as a counsellor to the miss. The talker shows that a adult female has assorted functions every bit good assorted ways of executing the same undertaking ( University of Delhi 88 ) .
In both the literary works the authors portray the fact that adult females are expected to obtain and keep apparels and are responsible for work forces ‘s vesture. This is depicted in Kincaid ‘s “ Girl ” where it begins with wash: “ Wash the white apparels on Monday and set them on the rock pile ; wash the colour apparels on Tuesday and put them on the clothesline to dry ; After this the female parent comes with presentation on “ how you iron your male parent ‘s khaki shirt so that it does n’t hold a fold ; this is how you iron your male parent ‘s khaki bloomerss so that they do non hold a fold ” . In Benjamin Franklin, “ Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress ” prudent healthy Wife is supposed to take attention of her hubby good so that he succeeds in his profession. This is besides seen where the “ Girl ” is taught how to fix and turn different nutrients. In this household a miss is expected to larn how to angle and to “ soak salt fish overnight before you cook it. ” Therefore, in the two literary works the adult females are supposed to be caring of the hubby and the remainder of the household in footings of general well-being of the household.
Bing economically savvy is a virtuousness implied by both authors in their plants. In the “ Girl ” she learns how to shop for bread grow root veggie, okra and taro, and fix pumpkin fritters, doukona ( a coconut, banana and cornmeal pudding ) staff of life pudding and Piper nigrum pot. These are low dishes which are supposed to “ do terminals run into ” . In Benjamin Franklin, “ Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress ” a married woman is supposed to be “ with her good Economy ” , and the hubby will be a Fortune sufficient.
The art of nursing is required of adult females in these literary plants. This is whereby, as in the instance of “ Girl ” , she has to larn “ how to do a good medical specialty for a cold ” and in the Benjamin Franklin ‘s work the lady has to “ larn to make a 1000 Services little and great, and are the most stamp and utile of all Friends when you are ill ” . Therefore, the two societies though centuries apart, this cognition was compulsory for all adult females and misss who are about to go married womans.
Acting good in public topographic points particularly in forepart of work forces was greatly emphasized whereby the “ Girl ” is told “ this is how to act in the presence of work forces who do non cognize you really good, and this manner they wo n’t acknowledge instantly the slattern I have warned you against going ” . The kept woman in Benjamin Franklin ‘s work “ Advice to a Young Man ” “ they are more prudent and discreet in carry oning an Intrigue to forestall Suspicion. ” Therefore both adult females and misss are supposed to transport themselves with decorousness to avoid defiling their images.
Bing beautiful despite the age and jobs that one does is non expected of adult females in the two literary plants. In “ Advice to Young Man ” the lady learns how to keep her attraction by holding assurance in her by non tilting on expressions. The “ Girl ” has to be smart even if it means rinsing with her “ ain tongue. ”
In the “ Girl ” the female parent tells the girl how to “ how to strong-arm a adult male ; this is how a adult male bullies you ” Thus the adult female has a function to play in presenting her girl to complicated dating universe. The kept woman in the “ Advice to Young Man ” knows how to score effortlessly immature male childs by cognizing how to “ kindly take attention of a immature Man, organize his Mannerss by her good Counsels ” . Therefore, dating functions in both plants are counter whereby misss are expected to be chased by male childs while old ladies seduce the immature male childs.
Therefore, from the above functions of adult females in both the “ Girl ” by Jamaica Kincaid and Benjamin Franklin ‘s “ Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress ” have important similarities and disparities as besides apparent in the universe today. Both writers represent a different period in clip every bit good as station in life. Franklin is a adult male of position offering advice to person he wishes to win in life. Franklin appreciate the functions of a healthy adult female whereas Kincaid depicts the fostering the functions of a well behaved adult female.
Department of English, University of Delhi, The Individual and Society, Delhi: Pearson
Education India, 2005.
Kennedy, John and Gioia, Dana, Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama, 4th
Ed, New York: Longman, 2005.
McGovern, George, The Essential America: Our Laminitiss And The Liberal Tradition, New
York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.