For this paper, I chose two novels that address the function of instruction in the edifice of two characters that distinguish themselves from their communities. One of them is Grant Wiggins from the novel A Lesson Before Dying. The other is Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird. I looked over the background of these two characters, their positive and negative traits, their interactions with others, and the importance of instruction in their lives. Through this essay I am traveling to demo how these two characters prove that with instruction comes an consciousness of world that separates them from others, and that provides them with a capableness for take parting in existent alteration. However, both of them cover with that cognition of world in different ways, which may hold something to make with their different backgrounds.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch is a white adult male with two kids populating in the fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama. Although Atticus ‘ household has lived from the farm established by their ascendant, Simon Finch, Atticus chose a different life style and became a attorney. There is no account in the novel for this determination, but it becomes obvious as the narrative progresses that Atticus developed his ain sense of moral and values, which differ from the community where he lives in, and in some ways from his household. His sister Alexandra, for illustration, is a adult female attached to the stereotype of misss dressing like ladies, and non have oning bloomerss like Atticus girl, Scout. Besides, Atticus ‘ brother, Jack, spanks Scout after she had hit Alexandra ‘s grandson for naming Atticus nigger-lover, without giving Scout the chance to explicate her motivations. Both of these attitudes contrast with the instruction that Atticus provided his kids. He is a loving parent who takes attention of his kids. It is obvious in the manner Scout behaves, sort of like a male child, that Atticus allows her and her brother Jem the freedom to develop their ain personality outside the society ‘s conventions. Besides, he listens to them and pays attendings to their affairs. When Scout has some jobs at school with her instructor, Miss Caroline, Atticus notices that she is disquieted and asks her the ground. He would hold ne’er spanked his girl like uncle Jack did. On the contrary, if their kids deviated from good behaviour he talked to them directly, doing them recognize their errors alternatively of reprehending them. For illustration, when Lookout wants to go forth school because of the clashs with her instructor, who is angry because the miss has been taught to read and that goes against her construct of instruction, Atticus makes Scout reconsider by stating her to understand Miss Caroline.
Tolerance based on understanding people ‘s behaviour and seeing the individual behind visual aspects, is one of the lessons taught to their kids by Atticus, and one of the chief subjects in the novel. In the instance of Miss Caroline, Atticus tells Scout that “ You ne’er understand a individual until you consider things from his point of position ” , “ until you climb into his tegument and walk about in it ” ( p. 30 ) . Another illustration of Atticus attempts in this country is when his boy Jem destroys the camelia shrubs in the house of Mrs. Dubose, an choleric old lady who insults Atticus. The chief struggle that Atticus confronts in the novel is besides the nucleus of it, the test of Tom Robinson, a black adult male falsely accused of ravishing a white immature adult female. Consequently, Atticus becomes the space of the onslaughts of the white racialist community in Maycomb. Therefore, Atticus prevents his kids about the state of affairs and asks them to non lose their pique if they hear anyone stating something violative about him. When Jem disobeys his male parent ‘s petition he is sent for a month to read to Mrs. Dubose. Finally, Atticus tells Jem that the old lady had an dependence to morphine, which she was contending, and the reading helped her to make so. Jem becomes cognizant of the troubled life behind the old lady ‘s behaviour.
It is a enigma for the readers how Atticus developed that degree of understanding and respect for people, even if they were racialists like Mrs. Dubose, but it is one of his hallmarks, along with his generousness. Because the Cunningham ‘s are one of the poorest households in Maycomb, Atticus accepts them a payment with harvests alternatively of money to cover for his fees for legal aid. But the most noticeable trait of Atticus is his bravery to stand for an guiltless black adult male condemned by a white racialist community. It is of import to note that his chief ground behind his determination of lodging to the instance is how discontinuing would impact his kids. He expresses to his brother Jack that he “ hoped to acquire through life without a instance of this sort ” ( p. 88 ) . But that instance fell in his custodies, and to avoid his duty would intend that he agreed with those who believed that Tom Robinson did non hold a opportunity, even with those who condemned him. He besides says to Jack, “ do you believe I could confront my kids otherwise? You know what ‘s traveling to go on every bit good as I do, Jack, and I hope and pray I can acquire Jem and Scout through it without resentment, and most of all, without catching Marcomb ‘s usual disease. Why sensible people go blunt raving mad when anything affecting a Black comes up, is something I do n’t feign to understandaˆ¦ I merely hope that Jem and Scout come to me for their replies alternatively of listening to the town ” ( p. 88 ) . The disease he refers to is racism. He is cognizant of the lunacy that it is and the unfairness against Tom Robinson. Atticus knows that his parental image of authorization could hold been diminished in the eyes of Scout of Jem if he had walked out of the test, because so all his lesson of tolerance and apprehension would hold become a prevarication, since racism is the worst signifier of intolerance, more than that, it is unsighted hatred.
Because of Tom Robinson ‘s test, Scout and Jem learn about existent courage and strength through the actions of his male parent. Although the grounds of Tom ‘s artlessness is ignored and he is sentenced to decease, the triumph of Atticus is in the new respect their kids have towards him, and in the reassertion of all his lessons to them. At the terminal of the test, Atticus gives a vehement address to the jury, in which he denounces openly the unfairness committed against Tom Robinson under the false premises of a racialist society. He points out on “ the evil premise – that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are fundamentally immoral existences, that all Negro work forces are non to be trusted around our adult females ” ( p.204 ) which sent Tom Robinson to his decease.
The unfair test portrayed in To Kill a Mockingbird is similar to the state of affairs presented in A Lesson Before Dying. In this novel, a immature black adult male, Jefferson, is condemned to decease under the same premise mentioned by Atticus Finch. Furthermore, his defence lawyer compares him to a pig, and says that even if he were guilty at that place would hold been no difference between directing an animate being of those to the electric chair, or directing Jefferson. More than an abuse, naming Jefferson a pig is an extension of the oppressive consequence of racism on black people, which consequences in striping him from his self-respect and value as human existences. For that ground, Miss Emma, who is Jefferson ‘s godmother, asks Grant Wiggins to assist him to decease like a adult male. Grant is a black adult male who teacher in the school for black people in Bayonne, Louisiana. Unlike Atticus who although realistic, sees life with optimistic lenses, Grant is misanthropic and considers that things will ne’er alter in a society dominated by white work forces. This is apprehensible sing that Atticus has merely witnessed the inhuman treatment suffered by black work forces and Grant has lived it foremost handed. When he was a male child who lived with his aunt, Tante Lou, he had to run errands for the Pichot ‘s and his aunt washed and ironed for them. The Pichot ‘s were a household of white people, and as their retainers, Grant and his aunt had to come in the house ever through the back door. In many ways he has lived the humiliations that white people caused to inkinesss, and he has seen many immature work forces suffer the same fate as Jefferson, so he does non hold hope or even faith in God.
Grant possesses an instruction, but it is in portion a load for him, because he can non get away the topographic point he lives in as he wishes. There is a portion of him that wants to assist the kids he teaches, but besides he gets frustrated happening no point in his attempts. Unlike Atticus, Grant is egoistic, and he goes through a city manager transmutation when he finds out that he can assist Jefferson. At the beginning, Jefferson acts defeated and refuses any aid from others. But finally Grant additions his trust. In portion, Grant does non believe at the beginning that he could make anything for Jefferson because he witnesses how the kids he teaches and the grownup labourers that work in the Fieldss, really bask the manual work. He realizes that black people have settled for a life of entry to the white codifications that assure the domination of white people. However, as the narrative progresss Grant realizes that Jefferson has been truly hurt by being called a pig, and that he needs his aid.
Grant Wiggins is full of choler and bitterness, and he wishes nil but to get away from world, whether it is traveling for a drink to the Rainbow nine or looking for comfort in the weaponries of his girlfriend Vivian. Like Atticus, who wished he had non been put in the place he found himself by being chosen as Tom Robinson ‘s suspect, Grant did non desire to hold to execute the undertaking he was asked to. But as Atticus faced the state of affairs with finding, Grant hesitates even when executing it. His city manager uncertainties are about himself. It is ironically how he manages to give assurance to Jefferson, when he does non believe much of himself at the terminal of the novel. Yet, he managed to accomplish a batch. Jefferson overcomes the abuse of being called a pig, he allows himself to bask the wireless that Grant gives him, and he writes his ideas in a notebook. He opens up, but besides Grant opens up to him.
Bing unfastened is a quality nowadays in the character of Atticus from the beginning of the novel, and even when he has frights, like the fright of his kids being wrongly influenced by a racial society, he shows assurance. Grant Wiggins does non hold this assurance, and even at the terminal of the novel he doubts if he truly helped Jefferson. As a reader, one can see that he really did. By listening to Jefferson and caring for his demands he managed to make him. If he doubts himself is because in malice of his instruction, he has non managed to get away the weight of racial bias over him. So, in these novels there are two work forces who distinguished themselves from their communities, but one of them, Atticus Finch, had the advantages that being white provided him.
Georgina Victoria Hernandez Mendoza