Fiction In The Catcher And The Rye English Literature Essay

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1. ) The rubric, The Catcher in the Rye, is highly, beyond words, important. It shows how Holden wants to ‘catch ‘ the guiltless kids falling into grownup lip service. “ If a organic structure catch a organic structure coming through the rye ” was the stage Sung by a immature frolicking male child. The underprivileged male child was playing in his ain universe, carefree and unsupervised, even though his parents were walking nigh. In this sense, it about seems like the male child had nil to lose in his pureness, while his parents close-by were worrying about the environing grownup universe. Holden so gets this mental image of kids frolicing through a field of rye heedlessly. He fears they will hastily fall off a drop. “ aˆ¦I ‘m standing on the border of some brainsick drop. What I have to make, I have to catch everybody if they start to travel over the cliff- I mean if they ‘re running and do n’t cognize where they ‘re goingaˆ¦ ” Through this, Holden is stating he wants to salvage the pureness of kids. He feels like he does n’t belong in the debased universe, because his head is still in a province of naA?ve young person. He believes the grownup universe is bogus, and he is hence seeking to continue pureness, the ether of kids.

Phoebe corrected him, informing him the verse form is worded “ If a organic structure meet a organic structure coming through the rye ” instead than his ( and the immature kid ‘s ) version. Robert Burns ‘ verse form, Comin ‘ Thro ‘ the Rye, is more than meets the oculus. It is dry how Holden trusts that the verse form is purely about childhood artlessness, when on the contrary, it ‘s believed to be about sex. Holden ‘s immature mind was subconsciously barricading out lewdness, so he imagines the verse form is about adolescence and pureness. The small careless male child, who frolicked and sang through the street, shows how society is subliminally directing a message of insouciant sex to kids through catchy melodies. Holden is seeking to protect the artlessness of all young person, and on the other manus, society is seeking to further pervert it. He is detecting the newer coevals acquiring exposed to explicit stuff earlier and earlier into their lives.

The rubric shows how Holden is seeking to clasp onto the thought of artlessness. In his name, Holden Caulfield, that is revealed by ‘hold on greater omentum. ‘ A greater omentum is a membrane that covers the caput of a foetus during birth ; it symbolizes the inability to see the whirl of the grownup universe. Which is summed up to youth, therefore Holden Caulfield seeking to keep on to youth. He is seeking to catch the kids before they become wholly brainwashed. Holden is accidentally seeking to continue the sacredness of sex. He is n’t cognizant that this is his true intent. He believes his true principle is protecting childs. Trying to maintain insouciant sex out of the image is a Christian belief, and he clams he is an Atheist. He does n’t truly understand the deepnesss of himself.

The rubric is enormously helpful, in depicting his innermost feelings indirectly. If he knew how unfathomable he was being, he would ‘ve thought he was being a hypocrite and seeking to be above others, like the remainder of the universe. He is, in a manner, sequestering himself by his superficial ideas. He rebels from Rebels, and attempts extremely hard non to be cliche .

4. ) The nature of the struggle is adult male versus ego, given that Holden is in a phase of mental dislocation. The supporter of the narrative would be Holden, while his inability to suit in with the next deceitful universe is the adversary. The struggle is Holden ‘s strong beliefs. The protagonist side thrives to turn up mentally and link with others. This side besides hopes for a sacred sexual brush. The opposing side of his head requires to withdraw to the memories of his joyous childhood. There seems to be a simple duality between the sweet universe of childhood artlessness, where Holden wants to remain, and the barbarous universe of shallow grownup lip service, where he ‘s afraid to travel. Some complications of this job include him interrupting down assorted times, every bit good as his coming upon a cocotte. The state of affairs with the cocotte resembled his reversible province of head. One side wanted to encompass the gender and turn up, whereas the other side wanted to assist her deliver the artlessness from her corrupted head. This causes him to acquire incalculably rummy. That consequences in him rolling around a park in the center of the dark looking for ducks. Earlier in the narrative, he was wondering about where the ducks go when the lake freezes over.

Holden strongly fears the fact that insouciant sex has become tolerable. He believes that acquiring ‘sexy ‘ with a miss is to degrade her, because that ‘s what he was exposed to at Pencey Prep with his roomie, Ward Stradlater. He ‘s beliing himself by non desiring to acquire sexy with, or degrade, the one miss he truly likes. He does n’t desire to be a hypocrite like his ‘friends ‘ dorsum at Pencey Prep and everyplace else, who merely want to utilize misss for insouciant sex. He so has to fall back to casual sex which seems to be his lone option, being that attentions, even though he ‘s non comfy with the colloquialism of it. He is emotionally scared from a memory with Jane Gallagher, his closest brush to true love. The two of them were make outing and she shed a tear so started bellowing. Looking back on it, Holden still does n’t cognize what he did incorrectly. In a poetry from the verse form, it reads, “ When a organic structure snog a body- demand a organic structure call? ” This could be mentioning to Jane logically.

He seeks aid and ends up remaining at his former instructor ‘s flat, Mr. Antolini. That, in bend, leads to the flood tide, mental impairment. It is ill-defined precisely what happened to take to this flood tide, but the reader can presume that Mr. or Mrs. Antolini put R-2s in Holden ‘s drink, for Holden all of a sudden becomes highly tired and wakes up to Mr. Antolini stroking his caput. On the other manus, Mr. Antolini was really intoxicated, even before Holden received his java, which should ‘ve maintain him wake up.

The chief flood tide is considered Holden ‘s major psychological dislocation, after the incident at Mr. Antolini ‘s topographic point. It causes him to go through out, experience ill, and even believe he is speaking to his dead brother, Allie. He talks aloud to Allie in fright of ‘falling down ‘ and vanishing everlastingly while traversing the streets. He was invariably praying to his brother, and repeating the same phrase, “ Allie, do n’t allow me disappearaˆ¦ ” Allie is his fastness to life and world. That goes to demo how only he feels, irrespective if he wants to be or non. His weakening province of head is easy detonating within him. He does n’t cognize what to believe about turning up and maturating with hypocrites any longer, and perchance even germinating into 1. He ‘s seeking to halt the inevitable, but kids will turn up and be exposed irrespective.

Setting

5. ) The narrative took topographic point over the class of three winter yearss, Saturday afternoon to Monday afternoon, in the late 1940 ‘s, station World War II. The scenery jumped from Pencey Prep High School, in Agerstown, Pennsylvania, to the streets of Manhattan, New York. Over the class of a few yearss, he finds himself in multiple hotels, cabs, flats, and bars. He besides went to cardinal park, Phoebe ‘s ( his younger sister ) school, and the Museum of Natural History, where he liked cognizing the certainty that things would ever stay the same.

Holden ‘s frights peak in the late 1940 ‘s when conservativism, stiff morality, and paranoid self-righteousness held the state in a tight clasp. The issues of faith in school are a popular subject of argument now-a-days, but back in the mid-1900 ‘s, bible readings during school were really common. In the book, Holden was dropping out of high schools often, which did n’t contend the statistic of that clip period of a 42 % bead out rate. That, compared to the 11 % bead out rate of today, is reeling. That led to more occupations, in the mid-1900 ‘s, and to a more competitory occupation market, that now frequently require college grades. In schools back so, basic accomplishments were all that was required to learn, and most late, the US has specialized an in deepness instruction for certain callings. We now start believing about what we will make when we are older get downing in simple school, whereas Holden did n’t precisely cognize realistically what he wanted to make. Rebellions started to happen, which drove the parents, who were childs in that age, to want ‘family values. ‘ Holden stuck out from the crowd, by desiring household values so. He often spoke of his older brother, and younger sister, every bit good as his dead brother, Allie. He had a deeper connexion with his siblings than contending brothers and sisters today.

Social force per unit areas to conform were intense, with Americans paying more attending to the younger coevals as a consequence of the “ Baby Boom. ” Teenagers began to day of the month, and go sexually active, at a much younger age. The new stone ‘n ‘ axial rotation music was blamed by parents. Dress codifications and embedded company civilizations muted individualism. Juvenile delinquency, which became a major societal issue, caused a deficiency of regard for authorization in teens.

6. ) The characters and secret plan of the narrative were greatly influenced by the scene. The clip period resembles the beginning of rebellious kids. New York City is a land of hypocrites. Holden was seeking to get away the bogus people of Elkton Hills, which was n’t the first high school he ‘d been to, so he was forced to analyze at Pencey by his pa. Pencey was full of immature fakes such as his roomie Stradlater. After he found that out, he fled to New York to his place, giving up on school. He did n’t recognize that the universe is full of his so called hypocrites, yet he keeps trying to fly. He did n’t grok the fact that his internally generated isolation goes with him. He wants to suit into the universe, but he ca n’t get away the world of feelings of isolation and disenchantment of his coevals. He does n’t desire to turn into conformity and consumerism of America, so he resorts to a vocal with the incorrect words, to suit his ideas.

The scene of station World War II caused people to lose their artlessness through the bomb of debasement. He was depicting how he was glad they invented the atomic bomb, and said how he would voluntarily sit it if there was another war. This could be taken as destructing what he does n’t believe in, hypocrites. He does n’t desire to degrade the 1 he loves, but it ‘s become manner excessively accustom in the scene.

After World War I, there was a great depression, which led people to believe history would reiterate itself after the Second World War. Sunny, the cocotte he met, symbolizes how the immature coevals is giving up their beliefs in order to acquire by. They are salvaging all they have, money-wise. Peoples were turning up quicker than old coevalss, so they were exposing themselves to go in fiscal matters responsible. Holden was making the antonym, without cognizing. He was passing wholly he had, donating to nuns, and taking a safe life in general. That makes him look to hold Christian roots, even though he does n’t desire to believe it. Everyone about says they are Christian, yet they are non populating like a ether of a Christian. He says he is atheist, yet the reader can see he lives like a Roman Catholic. To be able to understand the full significance of this, the reading must hold a grain of historically perspective salt in their head.

Fictional characters

14. ) Holden Caulfield, as a character, is really rounded. He thinks in a distant manner, where he wants to be alone and noticed for non suiting in. His discontent makes him stand out from the freshly rebellious teens. He has great nostalgia, for his household, and privacy to the true universe. He criticizes and philosophizes about dull people, insecure people, and most of all, hypocrites. He is highly judgmental in that manner, because he does n’t desire to truly analyze people so he rejects more complex judgements in favour of simple categorical 1s.

Another unit of ammunition character, in The Catcher in the Rye, is Phoebe. She is really mature, and accepts world, instead than rejecting it like her brother. She is really intelligent for being 10 old ages of age. While her schoolmates may be playing on the resort area, non worrying about life, she will be composing, philosophizing, and believing about the true universe ; the true universe that the other childs have yet to be exposed to. She understands that turning up is necessary. Phoebe breaks Holden ‘s idealised phantasy of guiltless kids frolicing through a field of rye. She challenges his idea procedure and shows how oversimplified it is.

Some level characters, or characters that the reader must pigeonhole to acquire to cognize, include Robert Ackley, Ward Stradlater, Sally Hayes, Mr. Spencer, Maurice, and Sunny. These characters are level because we are ne’er told much about them and we ca n’t see their thought procedures. Their personalities are weak to the reader, so the reader must label them manually.

15. ) The characters are presented through Holden ‘s narratives. He characterizes familiarities through both direct and indirect word picture. Directly, he says visual aspects, and what he stereotypes them as in his head. Then subsequently on, when the character is revealed, the reader can understand Holden ‘s head by the character ‘s actions. Holden is really opinionative about people, and he merely goes against the flow of life. He is really obstinate with his ideas, being that he does n’t desire to understand others ‘ head sets. He does n’t truly categorise himself because he knows his ain ideas, instead than non cognizing others ‘ positions. Then once more, he is lost at where he should belong because of his intense ordinances, in resistance to his credence of world. Though he describes people straight, he besides tends to depict them through aside. He points out how he took a category, and the end was to publically talk without straying. When he was depicting this category, he told how he sort of likes aside because you get to cognize person through the talker stating their actions, since they ca n’t be at that place to demo them. So he concludes that traveling off subject can be good to the reader, or hearer. He tends to stray when he ‘s narrating a batch, but it helps one to understand the characters more.

Point OF VIEW AND THEME

16. ) The narrative is written through 1st individual point of position. This point of position was consistent throughout the narrative because the secret plan focused on Holden, and all other characters came and went as the narrative progressed. The point of position should under no fortunes be changed because that would take the reader to confusion. If there was a switch in the point of view, both of the storytellers would take the reader to believe they were both unable to be categorized. If the position switched in the center of the narrative, it would belie the whole subject of Holden being the backstop in the rye because he ca n’t suit in anyplace else. It shows him to be inimitable in what he sees as a universe full of hypocrites. The consequence of J.D. Salinger ‘s pick of position is so that Holden, the storyteller, can expose his ain position, which is really opinionative compared to his stereotypes. This causes the reader to presume that everyone, with the exclusion of Holden, is a hypocrite. That can merely be presumed because we ca n’t truly acquire into anyone else ‘s ideas. Holden is still alone because he shows his beliefs through his actions, while other characters go with what everyone else is making. They are thoughtless followings.

17. ) One chief subject, of The Catcher in the Rye, is continuing artlessness. Holden wishes to continue kids ‘s artlessness before they fall into the corrupt abysm of maturity. He wants to be the backstop in the field of rye, where childs frolic around and are heedlessly running through their old ages of life. Holden, in a manner is seeking to salvage the future coevalss from altering the sacredness of life. He does n’t desire traditions to melt in the background, however casualness becomes more popular. Salinger tries to raise inquiries about insouciant sex. He asks, indirectly, whether it is an all right thing to make. He does n’t believe kids are mentally capable of groking the topic, an illustration of this is the poem Comin ‘ Thro ‘ the Rye, which is a kids ‘s verse form, yet is profoundly understood to be about insouciant sex. What the writer is seeking to acquire across is that new coevalss are being exposed earlier and earlier, even if they do n’t recognize what is go oning. This is decidedly deserving stating because it is an of import subject, and it shows how as the old ages go by, artlessness deteriorates easy and imperceptibly.