“ Gatsby turned out wholly right at the terminal ; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the nake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my involvement in the stillborn sorrows and blown elations of work forces ” ( Fitzgerald 7 ) claims Nick Carraway, the storyteller of the novel by Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby. Through Nick ‘s position of Jay Gatsby, Fitzgerald illustrates how “ what preyed on Gatsby, ” or his misconception of himself and his universe, represents the decomposition of the American Dream. For case, Gatsby ‘s resistless yearning to accomplish his dream through his chase of money and stuff success, his idealisation of Daisy, and his effort to animate the past lead to his ruin ; representing the subject of the corruptness of the American Dream.
Gatsby makes a false connexion between his dream of winning Daisy and deriving wealth and stuff success. Nick observes that “ [ Gatsby ] invented merely the kind of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen-year-old male child would be probably to contrive, and to this construct he was faithful to the terminal ” ( 104 ) , demoing Gatsby ‘s astonishing aptitude to transform his hopes and dreams into world by contriving his ideal human being named, “ Jay Gatsby. ” By re-inventing himself, Gatsby ‘s powerful dream of achieving felicity with Daisy has become his motive of munificent surpluss and even condemnable activities. Next, when Gatsby realizes that “ [ Daisy ‘s ] voice is full of money. ” ( 127 ) he relates Daisy to hoarded wealth, which is hard to obtain. Gatsby holds a false belief that by accomplishing his airy dream through offense and money and affecting Daisy, he is able to achieve felicity. By doing shallow and freakish Daisy the focal point of his life, Gatsby narrows down his extraordinary power of inventive hope to the exclusive aspiration of going affluent. Furthermore, much like the crumbling of the American Dream when America ‘s powerful optimism, animation, and individuality became subordinate to the amoral involvement of wealth, Gatsby ‘s failure to recognize that money is non the key to carry through his dream leads to his decease.
Gatsby invests Daisy with an idealistic faultlessness that she can non perchance achieve in existent life. Although Gatsby really recognizes that Daisy is non as Gatsby had envisioned her in the yesteryear, he “ had thrown himself into [ the colossal verve of his semblance ] with originative passion, adding to it all the clip, adorning it out with every bright plume that drifted his manner ” ( 101 ) .
Gatsby is confused about how his vision of Daisy and the existent Daisy varied highly, but he does non change his position of her. Gatsby keeps puting Daisy on a high base of everything that he wants her to be. Gatsby ‘s continual idealisation of Daisy makes him unable to recognize the mistakes in his life style. In add-on, Nick describes Gatsby ‘s blinded life at the terminal of the novel, stating, “ he must hold looked up at an unfamiliar sky through scaring foliages and shivered as he found what a monstrous thing a rose is and how natural the sunshine was upon the barely created grass ” ( 169 ) . Thinking about Gatsby ‘s decease, Nick implies that all symbols are produced by the head and non come with any built-in significance, but people invest them with significance. Nick intimations that roses are non beautiful inherently, and that people merely see them that manner because they decide to make so. In the same manner, Daisy is “ monstrous ” because Gatsby has imbued her with significance and beauty by holding her as the object of his dream. If Gatsby had non invested her with such values, Daisy would be an idle, deadening, rich immature adult female without any peculiar moral strength or trueness. Due to his semblance, Gatsby experiences a ruin, merely as the American Dream fell abruptly of many people ‘s outlooks during the Roaring Twenties.
Gatsby chooses to recapture the yesteryear created by his memories with Daisy ; as a consequence, he is unable to accept the alterations in the present. In fact, Gatsby reveals his intense desire of returning to the yesteryear when he exclaims, “ ‘Ca n’t reiterate the yesteryear? ‘aˆ¦ ‘Why of class you can! ‘ He looked around him wildly, as if the yesteryear were enticing here in the shadow of his house, merely out of range of his manus ” ( 117 ) . Gatsby steadfastly believes that the yesteryear can be recreated and is forced to talk to Nick about it in an dying attempt to maintain it alive. Even after facing with Tom, Gatsby can non accept that his dream is dead. Gatsby is lost in his dream and believes that anything can be repeated, which is besides shown when he drops Nick ‘s clock, in an attempt to halt clip and recover the yesteryear. Furthermore, Nick comments that “ [ Gatsby ] did non cognize that [ his past ] was already behind him, someplace in that huge obscureness beyond the metropolis, where the dark Fieldss of the democracy rolled on under the dark ” ( 189 ) , picturing that Gatsby is unable to interrupt free from his yesteryear and can non defy to animate the it in the present. Upon losing Daisy after the war, Gatsby decided that his hereafter must lie in the yesteryear ; as there was no manner that the elation he felt with Daisy could of all time be replaced ; so he created a convoluted program to animate his yesteryear. Gatsby ‘s inability to calculate out that his dream was unrealistic and impossible since it had already passed portrays a decomposition of the American Dream, as people had inclinations to overstate the past and cast it into the hereafter.
The American dream was ab initio about invention, individuality, and the quest for felicity. In the 1920s, the scene of the novel, nevertheless, effortless money and relaxed societal values have degraded the dream, particularly in the East Coast. As the corruptness of the American Dream caused Gatsby ‘s misconception of believing that success can be achieved by wealth and philistinism, idealising Daisy, and seeking to animate the yesteryear ; the American Dream in the 1920s was corrupt and black.