Blood Disorders Vicki L. Fowler HCA/240 July 24, 2011 Mary Dawson Blood Disorders There are many different types of blood disorders that people live with. Some of the blood disorders are hereditary and some are caused by other related factors. There are blood tests and symptoms that are checked by the doctor to treat the correct problem. The treatment of blood disorders is essential to prevent further problems or death. These blood disorders described below are just a few or the example that can happen to people young or older.
A common form of anemia is iron deficiency anemia affecting many Americans today. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by the lack of iron in the body from diet. The lack of iron is also caused by growth spurts, pregnancy, and blood loss. (Family Doctor. Org, 2011) the problems with diet that people have are usually women and young children. Women that are pregnant or are nursing need a greater intake of iron. The iron deficiency form bleeding can occur during menstruation in women, ulcers of the stomach, and cancer.
Iron deficiency anemia is diagnosis by telling the doctor the symptoms that are experienced by the patient as well as blood tests. The blood tests are measuring the hemoglobin in the blood. (Health Central, 2011) the blood is looked at to see the red blood cell size to determine the type of anemia. The doctor can also order a bone marrow test to see the level of B12 in the body. The blood test can also look for ferritin, which is produced in premenopausal women. (Health Central, 2011) After finding, the cause of the iron deficiency in the patient then the doctor can treat the problem correctly.
The patient that is not eating enough iron the increase in foods such as green leafy vegetables , whole grains , and seafood just to name a few . The need for iron increase in the diet a person can also take a pill or a shot for iron needs. The patients that are unable to absorb iron may receive surgery. People that are bleeding and not getting enough iron fix the problem of blood loss and blood transfusions. The prevention of iron deficiency anemia is a good diet with foods high in iron. These foods high in iron along with a balanced diet and moderation.
People also consuming B complex vitamins for example meat and whole-wheat grains. The next blood disorder is sickle cell. Sickle cell is inherited from their parents. A child that inherits the gene from both parents they have sickle cell disease. When the child inherits the gene from one parent, they have the trait and are a carrier. Children and adults that have the trait can pass that on to their children. People that have sickle blood cells are in the form of a C and the hemoglobin has problems. The hemoglobin sticks together causing a build up in the blood vessels.
Most children are tested in the hospital before going home by a blood test. Although a blood test can tell if anyone has sickle cell. When people have, the trait they usually lead normal lives the only concern is passing the trait on to their children. People with sickle cell have bone marrow transfusion, blood transfusions, medicines, and more. Prevention of sickle cell trait is to have both parents tested before having children. If a person does have sickle cell, blood transfusions are given along with prescriptions for pain.
The next blood disorder is thrombocytopenia a platelet disorder. The cause of thrombocytopenia is a low number of platelets in the blood. The platelets, which help the blood of the body to clot. Then platelets in low number causes bleeding in and outside the body. To diagnosis, this blood disorder the doctor takes a family history of the patient. The questions asked the diet that is ate any blood platelet problems in the family, and HIV possibility. Then a physical exam , complete blood count , blood smear , bone marrow test , and a ultrasound of the spleen .
The treatments for thrombocytopenia are blood platelet transfusions, medicines, and removal of the spleen. The platelet transfusions are not common they are given to current bleeders. The medicines given are usually steroids given by mouth or vein. The spleen is removed for adults with further conditions. The prevention for thrombocytopenia is drink less alcohol, avoid medicine that decreases platelet levels, and avoid too much ibuprofen or aspirin, and vaccinations. The drinking of alcohol is not good for platelet production.
Avoiding aspirin and ibuprofen is because these medicines thin the blood and may increase bleeding. Also getting vaccinations for viruses that can harm the platelet count. (Web MD, 2011) These are just a few blood disorders for people today. Some blood disorders are rare while others are common. There are blood disorders that are avoidable and ones that people live with every day. References Family Doctor. Org. (2011). Anemia. Retrieved from http://www. familydoctor. org Health Central. (2011). Anemia. Retrieved from http://www. healthcentral. com Web MD. (2011). Anemia. Retrieved from http://www. webmd. com