Jules Verne efforts to capture progresss in travel and engineering as he narrates his fictional characters ‘ journey around the universe. Sing travel, the writer incorporates assorted manners of conveyance to guarantee that his chief character Fogg completes his journey. He shows that Fogg is able to travel on the journey because of the developments in transit during the nineteenth century. During the journey, Fogg and his cortege usage soft-shell clams, railroads, passenger cars, yachts, trading-vessels, sleighs, and an elephant. Fogg argues that he could do the trip around the universe in 80 yearss. This is because of the revolution in conveyance due to the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, which would enable travellers make a connexion between Rothal and Allahabad. In the text, the writer depicts the revolutions in land travel due to railway conveyance and in sea travel through steamers.

Fogg appears as a character that does non take which manner of conveyance to utilize, whether the antediluvian or modern, provided that it could acquire him to his finish. In add-on, he appears as ever prepared for unanticipated enlistments that occur with the assorted manners of conveyance he uses. At the same clip, he does non waver to utilize ancient manners of conveyance when the more advanced 1s fail. For illustration, when he gets to a train station but no train is available, he opts to pay an Indian to let him to utilize his elephant to travel to the following station. Here, Fogg and his cortege make usage of an ancient agencies of conveyance, that of domesticated animate beings. This surprises his retainer Passepartout, who scoffs at him for paying a immense amount of money to utilize an elephant to go. Passepartout appears here as a character that is opposed to ancient agencies of travel. At the East Coast, Fogg and his cortege encounter heavy storms that prevent them from sailing by ship. To work out the job, he decides to utilize a steamboat, but it runs out of fuel and he has to utilize the ship ‘s masts in order to go on his journey. In add-on, he appears as a character that is knowing in affairs of conveyance and travel. For case, he insists that the consul stamps his passport to bespeak that he has come through the Suez Canal on his manner to India. In America, Fogg stops some American indians from establishing an onslaught on a transcontinental train, as he understands the value of railroad conveyance in enabling faster motion.

Passepartout besides brings out the facet of faster motion when he remarks that he can non believe that his journey with Fogg from London to Suez has taken really few yearss. At the same clip, he remarks that they have traveled further than he had thought, demoing that the progresss in conveyance engineering non merely enabled faster motion but besides going to more topographic points. On the other manus, Passepartout appears to believe negatively of railroad conveyance. During the journey by rail across India, he becomes worried that the frequent way stations of the train will discourage his maestro from geting at his finish on clip. At the same clip, he believes the train is excessively slow because his maestro did non give the driver a tip. He does non understand that with the train, unlike the soft-shell clam, it was non possible to rush its rate of motion.

The writer besides reveals another job with railroad conveyance and forces his characters to fall back to ancient agencies of travel, in order to finish their journey. At Kholby, the train Michigans due to an break in the railroad line, and the riders have to look for their ain agencies to acquire to Allahabad. While other riders resort to donkey and horse carts, Fogg suggests to Passepartout that they go by pes from Kholby to Allahabad. However, Passepartout frowns demoing that he does non hold with his maestro ‘s proposed agencies of travel. Immediately, he suggests they use an Indian elephant, but at the same clip, opposes the extortionate monetary value that his maestro wages for the animate being. However, Fogg and his cortege benefit in that the elephant allows them to go straight through the wood. Their usher argues that this was a better agencies than the railroad line, which would non hold been of much aid to them because it was non following a consecutive path due to the Vindhia Mountains. When the usher stops the elephant for a remainder, Fogg, Passepartout and Sir Francis are relieved, demoing that they were traveling through a unsmooth drive on the animate being ‘s dorsum.

On the other manus, detective Fix appears to doubt the promptness of the soft-shell clam. He repeatedly asks the consul whether the ship sailing through the Suez Canal has of all time been late and this is because he thinks that Fogg is responsible for the bank robbery and wants to hold him arrested. The consul replies that the soft-shell clam is really fast and ever arrives in front of the scheduled clip. At the same clip, he adds that the ship provided a direct connexion from Suez to Bombay. His response topographic points accent on the revolution of sea travel through the steamer. Furthermore, riders going to Calcutta could utilize the soft-shell clam and alight at Bombay, so take a train to their finish. This was possible through the railroad line across the Indian Peninsula. The soft-shell clam reaches Aden in front of the scheduled clip, despite halting to refuel, demoing once more its capableness of rapid motion.

When Fogg and his cortege arrive in India, they note alterations in manners of conveyance. Alternatively of walking and siting on horseback, the people were utilizing trains. In add-on, they were utilizing steamboats to traverse the rivers Indus and Ganges. As they travel from Bombay to Calcutta, Sir Francis confers to Fogg that in the past old ages, people would travel from Callyan to Kandallah by horseback, because the railroad line had non yet reached that point. Sir Francis shows Fogg and his cortege the developments in railroad conveyance, though the latter is speedy to confabulate to him that if the state of affairs were the same, it would non hold affected his trip. Fix decides to utilize engineering ‘s power to enable communicating over long distance to his advantage. He confers to the consul that he will direct a wire to London so that the constabulary can publish a warrant of apprehension for Fogg. This manner, when Fogg gets to India he will be unable to acquire off from the constabulary. While Fix makes usage of communicating engineering to progress his purpose, Fogg appears non to try to remain in contact with his co-workers at the Reform Club in London. One of his co-workers, John Sullivan observes that they have non received any communicating from him, despite the handiness of telegraphs in the metropoliss through which Fogg was going.

In contrast, when the clip of return of Fogg draws near, the Reform Club dispatches wires to Asia and America in hunt of him. The members are speedy to declare that they have won the stake because they conclude that Fogg, holding missed the train from Liverpool and the soft-shell clam from New York, was unable to finish his trip within the planned period. Their judgement is due to the ground that railroad conveyance had brought a great turnaround in land travel, by enabling people to travel much faster. Consequently, if Fogg had boarded the train from Liverpool on clip, it was less likely that he would be tardily to get in London.

The writer integrates characters from a broad scope of civilizations into his text. Andrew Stuart, an Englishman and co-worker of Fogg at the Reform Club appears to be wary of the Indians, by stating that they were capable of forestalling railroad conveyance by damaging the railroad lines, plundering the waggons, and aching the travellers. Fix, on the other manus, seems to believe that Passepartout is really chatty because he is a Frenchman. The Parsee usher taking Fogg, Passepartout, and Sir Francis on the elephant ‘s dorsum appears to be afraid of the Indians populating Bundelcund. He tries to take his cortege off from their sight as these make menaces towards them. Furthermore, Fogg and Passepartout consider the civilization of the Brahmins oppressive. This is apparent when they rescue a adult female from the custodies of a folk of Brahmans who intend to give her. At the same clip, Fogg and his cortege including the Parsee usher are afraid of the Brahmins and seek topographic points in the wood to conceal from them. Passepartout besides mocks the statue that the Brahmans are transporting by stating that it is excessively ugly for it to be one of their Gods. To forestall the Brahmans from recapturing Aouda, Fogg and Passepartout arrange for her to go forth India. Furthermore, the English characters in the text respect India as a unusual topographic point because of its temples and mosques, animate beings, shrines and dancing-girls. In Bombay, Fogg does non like the coney fret that the host at the station serves him. Fogg, on the other manus, shows indifference to the art and architecture of Bombay ‘s mosques, churches, shrines, and towers. He does non halt to look at them but instead goes direct from the passport office to the railroad station.

Passepartout shows a acute involvement in the spiritual rites of the Parsees, as the writer narrates that he stops to watch the festival. It is during this period that he by chance enters the sacred shrine of the Parsees and forgets to take his places. At Burhampoor, Passepartout notices some Indian footwear that looks really attractive and buys a brace. When they arrive in Japan, Passepartout goes looking for nutrient and shortly realizes that the Nipponese civilization forbids the slaughter of cowss because they preserve them for farming intents. At the same clip, he observes that mouton and porc are every bit rare in Japan, and appears unhappy with this state of affairs. He concludes that the lone option for him is to happen domestic fowl or fish and take with rice, which is a Nipponese daintiness.