It should be noted that Latin American Literature of the twentieth century demonstrates perfect connexion between the coevalss: the Ancient and the Modern. The most noticeable literary figures use the rich history. mythology and religious edge between the coevalss in order to show strong connexion of their state with the events and people who lived in the Ancient times and differed a batch from the present twenty-four hours worlds.
Many writers want to uncover that the spirit of the Ancient tribes populating on the district of modern-day Latin America is the most valuable heritage of modern-day people. linking them with the yesteryear. It goes without stating that literary creative activities of the outstanding writers. life in the Latin American part. reflect the purposes to demo deep connexion of the different states with their Ancient yesteryear. observing the integrity of Ancient and Modern traditions within the states of independent Latin American Countries. It is indispensable that the inquiry of the Ancient heritage in Latin America is among the rather ague.
That is why it is non surprising that it has found contemplation in the outstanding twentieth century novels. which take a important topographic point in Latin American Literary Heritage. They are The Storyteller by Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa. written in 1987 and Where the Air is Clear by outstanding Mexican author Carlos Fuentes. released in far 1958. Despite the important difference in genre and secret plan construction these novels are united under the one subject. They reveal the close connexion of the modern Latin American society with the yesteryear.
The nucleus thought of this research is to uncover this connexion between the antediluvian and the modern within the pages of these books. Where the Air is Clear by Carlos Fuentes and close connexion of the Modern universe to the Ancient heritage. Where the Air Is Clear is the first novel. written by Carlos Fuentes and from the really get downing the writer raised rather burning inquiries and of import subjects. One novel’s heroes. Ixca Cienfuegos. plays rather a important cultural function in the novel. which is written in the signifier of character studies aggregation in the Mexico City.
Ixca Cienfuegos is linking all separate parts within the pages of a book. Consummate combination of different techniques allow the writer represent the dynamical development of Mexico after the revolution at the clip period of about a decennary. 1940s and 1950s. It should be noted that the cardinal figures of the novel is Mexico City itself and the writer reveals cultural distinctive features depicting the life of the metropolis. The writer takes the reader into the absorbing trip around the streets of Mexico City. covering with some pages of its history.
The novel could non be regarded as the typical analysis of the metropolis inhabitants ; the writer masterfully notes all the drawbacks incisively depicting Mexico City dwellers. He shows Federico Robles. who is a banker ; Norma Robles. a societal climber ; Ovando household. who was rich before the revolution. but lost everything after ; Rodrigo Polo. Mexican author. who suffered during the revolution as his male parent was executed. Amerindian Gladys. who sells her organic structure and surely Ixca Cienfuegos. who is existent critic and perceiver of the whole system.
Carlos Fuentes. as a representative of Magic pragmatism. could non avoid demoing the reader the inquiry of purdah and individuality of Mexico. its loss in the maze. understanding that there in no other state in Latin America. which compulsively seeks for it personal individuality. returning once more to its history and traveling in front. The state feels itself lost between the fatherland ( with all its cultural traditions and distinctive features ) and the adoptive land.
With the aid of different literary elements such as confused authorship manner. flashback. the watercourse of consciousness. non-chronological recount of events and alternation of narrative signifiers. the writer masterfully performs the surreal ambiance of the changeless hunt. which is one degree Fahrenheit the chief subjects of the novel. To happen the correlativity between the present and the yesteryear is really hard for the chief heroes of the novel and each of them touches the inquiry of individuality.
It should be noted that the most phantasmagoric component of the novel is Mexico City. which is depicted as one of the nucleus figures of the novel ; this makes Where the Air is Clear outstanding from the other novels covering with the inquiry of national individuality. The book itself basically represents the quest for national individuality in Mexico in the station – radical times. Puting Mexico City as a cardinal Figure. Carlos Fuentes shift the function of all the human characters to the background due to the fact that their lives and past experience correlative with the primary purpose of definition the civilization and history of the state.
The inquiry if absolutely revealed through the confrontation of the present twenty-four hours world with its yesteryear. and the reader understand that this struggle has been enduring for already many old ages. The undermentioned quotation mark absolutely illustrates the confrontation: “But does such a thing as ‘original’ blood be? No: every pure component grows and is consumed in its ain pureness. does non develop ; the original is the impure. the assorted. the mulatto and the ladino. as I am. as all of Mexico is. Which is to state. originality supposes a commixture. a creative activity. non a pureness old to our experience.
Rather than born original. we come to be original ; beginning is creative activity. Mexico must happen her beginning by looking in front. non behind” ( Carlos Fuentes. 1958. p. 44 ) . The present twenty-four hours world of the state could barely correlate to the yesteryear of the Aztec Empire. its beliefs. hopes and cultural distinctive features. But the writer makes a emphasis non on the confrontation and struggle ; he tries to uncover that the Mexican individuality and cultural distinctive feature is the mixture of two different. even opposite civilizations.
The European Tradition and the Indian tradition ; the history of Mexico. unites people of different beginnings. race and idea and every hero of the fresh proves that. as every character is a certain emblem of different Mexican facets. and if we integrate the histories of the heroes. we could uncover that it is the existent Mexican individuality. in the alone integrating of many different civilizations.
The narrative that seemed to be a disconnected is a surrealist attack of the Author. who makes a emphasis on the division of Mexico and its involuntariness to comprehend itself as interracial community. Such surrealist technique of composing allow Carlos Fuentes to demo the reader his personal and vividly portrayal vision of Mexico: a facing state with ill-defined individuality It goes without stating that crisp division between the societal categories in the 1950-s Mexico adds a batch in the changeless pursuit for the national individuality.
If we look back in the history of Mexico. the Aztecs were on the top of societal ranking. under the clip of Aztec imperium everything was subjected to their will ; the state of affairs in Where the Air Is Clear is rather opposite the autochthonal Indians are on the lowest topographic point in the Mexican society ( good illustration is prostitute Gladys ) . Another struggle is besides observed. The new and the past government categories besides involved in the confrontation. The destitute Ovando household is contrasted to Nora Robles. the modern-day representative of the upper Mexican Classes.
One of the most powerful scenes is her meeting with Lorenza de Ovando. acrimonious blue materfamilias. Here we could detect allusion on the Modern Mexico and the Past 1. The state. which rejects her Aztec yesteryear. its Gods. myths and cultural traditions The Storyteller Mario Vargas Llosa. and close connexion of the Modern universe to the Ancient heritage. Mario Vargas Llosa tells us a narrative of two college friends: the anon. storyteller ( some critics consider that the writer introduced himself ) and his friend. Saul Zurantas. a Peruvian Jew.
They both really interesting clip at college. analyzing descriptive anthropology. they had a figure of philosophical differences. As it normally happens the friendly relationship was erased after graduation. The storyteller was intended to happen a scholarship and go on his surveies abroad and his friend was seen at college seldom and eventually disappeared. It was told that he either immigrated to Israel or lost someplace in the jungle in the E of Peru within the Machiguenga people. The storyteller graduated and started his calling as a member of the field subject from the Institute of linguistics and farther he became telecasting docudramas manufacturer.
During this clip he did non halt efforts to reach his lost friend Saul. intended to larn more about the cultural distinctive features of Machiguenga folks. but unluckily he failed. Merely in the really first appears a haunting image. which storyteller had at a Florentine Art Gallery. He recognized Saul Zurantas as the Machiguengas tribal narrator on the exposure. The book unites and compares the chapters told by the storyteller and the 1s stating the reader of the Peruvian Indian Mythology. It makes the reading rich on the contrast.
One chapter describes the treatment between Saul Zurantas and the storyteller what impact provided the missionaries alongside with the concern involvement from the West on the alone nature of the Machiguenga folks and civilization. This chapter is prolonged with the national folklore stating about the spirit universe. the animate beings and elements. It would be difficult to uncover whether it is the voice of Saul Zurantas or the Machiguenga narrator Tells about mystical connexion between the nature and the people.
These two point of views thought arousing duologues contrasted to the national narratives is uncovering the importance of maintaining the unique cultures that are under the menace of Westernization and loss of their individuality. Saul Zurantas. of Judaic beginning understands this more than the local Peruvians. that is why he is the narrator. the 1 who keeps the connexion between the coevalss. roll uping the narrative of the legendary yesteryear. The book is non an easy to read as it has deep philosophical background.
It provided a figure of firing inquiries such as the probe of the other civilizations by the anthropologists and how these people. populating outside of the civilised universe could suit to the major society. The whole inquiry civilisation is raised within the pages of the book. the inquiry of the lost heritage. where societal anthropologist Saul Zurantas took the topographic point of the narrative Teller. to continue alone Machiguenga civilization. which is located in the deepness of the rain forests of the Amazon River.
“Who is purer or happier because he’s renounced his destiny”” The narrator asked when he walked in the jungle with the Machiguengatribes. who should invariably roll to maintain their duty to the Gods and maintain save the Earth and the Sky and the Stars. “Nobody. ” the narrator replied. “We’d best be what we are. The 1 who gives up carry throughing his ain duty so as to carry through that of another will lose his soul” ( Mario Vargas Llosa. 1987 ) . It is profoundly religious novel. which deals about strong connexion between the people of different times.
The writer tells us that the old narratives could non go forth anyone indifferent. as they are the portion of the history and the portion of the civilization. Decision In the terminal I would wish to do a emphasis on the fact that both writers reveal strong importance of the yesteryear for the present twenty-four hours universe. It is of import to maintain the connexion between the coevalss. to continue cultural individuality and the yesteryear could non be neither alterations nor disregarded. as national individuality of the state strongly deals with the inquiry of the cultural heritage of the old civilizations.
The Ancient Maya Tribes and Ancient Aztec have left rich cultural heritage for the Mexicans and the Peruvians and present twenty-four hours people should care and protect this heritage. understanding that the function of the Ancient in our present twenty-four hours Modern is truly important. References Fuentes. Carlos. Where the Air Is Clear. Dalkey Archive Imperativeness: orig. 1958 ; 2004 Llosa. Mario Vargas. The Storyteller. Picador: orig. 1987 ; 2001 Taube. Karl. Aztec and Maya Myths. Capital of texas: University of Texas. 1993 Gerald. Martin. Journeys through the Labyrinth: Latin American Fiction of the Twentieth Century. Verso: 1989