John Proctor was a hubby, a husbandman and small town common man. All of this was represented by his name. The name of John monitor could be considered his most prized ownership. It was his most invaluable plus. This is apprehensible because repute was enormously of import in Salem, where public and private moralities were one and the same. However, throughout the drama Proctor besides suffered from unbelievable interior convulsion, which may hold led to his determination to decease at the terminal.
Early on on in the drama, the audience comes to understand that Proctor had an matter with Abigail Williams, while she was working in his place. Proctor believed that his matter with Abigail irreparably damaged him in the eyes of God, his married woman Elizabeth and himself. Although he did yield to transgress and perpetrate criminal conversation, Proctor lacked the capacity to forgive himself. He resented his married woman Elizabeth because she could n’t forgive him and trust him once more, but he was guilty of the same thing. His ain inability to forgive himself merely intensified his reactions to Elizabeth ‘s deficiency of forgiveness. In add-on to fighting with the weight of his wickedness, the fact that he had to one twenty-four hours uncover his black act to his married woman farther tormented Proctor. His best ownership was his good name and the regard and unity associated with it, and he did n’t desire to lose it. Once he had acknowledged his matter with Abigail, Proctor efficaciously branded himself as an fornicator and lost his good name in his ain eyes. He dreaded of all time holding to uncover his wickedness as he was already overwhelmed with guilt and sorrow. He besides believed that a public show of his error would merely escalate the extent of his wickedness, hence multiplying his guilt. It was for this desire to continue his good name that Proctor chose non to attest against Abigail during the tests. Although he knew it was the right thing to make, he did n’t desire to ache and abash his darling married woman by exposing his black matter in public. Therefore, he chose non to attest against Abigail. This is besides partially why he was willing to decease at the terminal of the drama. Proctor felt that he could n’t hold carried on life when he had this wickedness looming over him every twenty-four hours. This makes the audience perceive Proctor as a good and baronial adult male.
Another ground why Proctor chooses to decease is because he could n’t double-cross his friends. He felt that by selling out his friends, he would be perpetrating an extra wickedness which would so melanize his name farther. He would hold so had to populate mundane detesting himself for what he did. He would n’t hold been able to populate with himself cognizing that other inexperienced persons had died while he had escaped decease by lying. The fact that he had three boies besides influenced his determination. Proctor could n’t raise his boies to walk like work forces in the universe if he himself was n’t a true adult male. Family life and friendly relationship were really of import to John Proctor and he felt that if he had lived, he could n’t perchance hold raised his kids to be work forces in the universe knowing that he himself was a evildoer who chose to sell out his friends. He wanted to learn his kids that they should stand up for what they believed in and non give in to unfair tribunals or to any other unfairnesss in life. By deceasing, he thought that he would learn his kids that he was n’t a sell out and besides that he had paid for the wickednesss that he had committed. He wanted his boies to cognize that their male parent had died with honor and unity.
Proctor had a really strong belief that if his name was blackened, there was no ground to populate. This was the major influence in his determination to decease at the terminal of the drama. In Act IV, Proctor wrestled with his scruples over whether to squeal to witchcraft and salvage himself from the gallows. The Judgess and Hale had about convinced him to make so, but Proctor could n’t convey himself to manus in the confession. Partially, this involuntariness reflected his desire non to dishonor his fellow captives, but more significantly it besides illustrated his compulsion with his good name. Proctor believed that people would look down on him with contempt, and that it would everlastingly melanize his name if he signed the confession, as it would hold been put up on the church door for public position. His compulsion with his good name was farther shown when he raged, “ I have given you my psyche ; go forth me my name! ” This strong desire to support his name enabled Proctor to rally the bravery to decease heroically, with his goodness integral. This bravery, along with Elizabeth ‘s forgiveness, enabled Proctor to forgive himself and to eventually recover his good name and dignity in his ain eyes. At this point in the drama, Proctor had come to a true apprehension of what a good repute meant and what class of action it necessitated. He understood that he had to state the truth and that he should n’t lie to salvage himself. Although he really much wanted to populate, get awaying decease was non deserving establishing the balance of his life on a prevarication. What was most of import to Proctor was to do a base against the insanity of the town, for himself and for God. He used this as a last resort to do people cognizant of the corrupt occurrences and false accusals during the tests. This last base for righteousness was an illustration of Proctor ‘s great character and principle. Proctor felt strongly about holding a good name and about taking it to his grave. He weighed both sides of his internal struggle and realized that he could n’t do another error. Therefore, he sentenced himself to decease. Throughout Act IV, Proctor learned about the strength of his will and about the power of his name. He knew that it was of import above all to continue his good name and the unity of his household. At the terminal of the drama, as the tribunal functionaries led him to the gallows, Proctor eventually found peace for the first clip in the drama.
One of the most effectual utilizations of linguistic communication in the drama was Miller ‘s creative activity of credible duologue. He used linguistic communication to efficaciously put the period and the tone for the drama but he besides successfully managed to guarantee that it was typical of the linguistic communication used by seventeenth century Puritans. The duologue invariably used words such as “ aye ” or “ nay ” , which although were antique words, were easy to understand. Miller ensured that he used words that although were dated, did n’t unnerve the audience. Other illustrations of this were “ hearty ” and “ command ” . Miller besides used scriptural and spiritual mentions such as “ Lord ” , which confirmed the nature of the spiritual society and it ensured that the society ‘s spiritual civilization was maintained throughout.
Another manner, in which Miller used linguistic communication efficaciously, was by dropping the concluding “ g ” from words. This is clearly portrayed when John Proctor says “ You ‘ll talk nothin ‘ of Elizabeth! ” By dropping the concluding “ g ” from words, Miller created a countrified and conversational feel to the linguistic communication. Another manner in which Miller efficaciously used linguistic communication was when he used the verbs “ It were ” alternatively of ‘It was ‘ , and when he used “ There be ” alternatively of ‘There is ‘ . This duologue seems foreign to the ears of a modern audience and therefore it ensures that the period and context of the drama is kept. Miller used linguistic communication in this manner to assist make a credible society, which in bend helped maintain the drama ‘s indispensable pragmatism.
Miller had written “ The Crucible ” utilizing four Acts of the Apostless. However, within each of the four Acts of the Apostless, Miller kept the action uninterrupted. This allowed Miller to make tenseness and suspense bit by bit. The uninterrupted manner besides helps the audience to place with the different characters, and peculiarly John Proctor. By constructing up his character throughout Act IV, the audience can easy associate to and understand Proctor ‘s actions in rending up the warrant. If the action had been broken, the audience would n’t hold to the full perceived his actions and the grounds behind them. Miller had besides written the drama chronologically. This helps the audience follow the production and ensures that tenseness is non lost.
Furthermore, the usage of the rise of action through the accusals helps the secret plan to construct up to the inevitable flood tide at the terminal of Act III where John Proctor is accused. These techniques arouse the involvement of the audience and besides provide an easy construction for the audience to follow. They besides help the audience to understand all the craze.
The terminal of the drama besides brought the play to a flood tide. By Act IV, the audience become strongly engaged with Proctor ‘s destiny. He had become the cardinal character in the drama and the audience become so involved in whether or non he will falsely squeal and salvage himself. However, this affair seemed to be settled when he told Elizabeth, “ I can non mount the gallows tree like a saint. It is a fraud. I am non that adult male. ” But as Danforth applied the force per unit area of the jurisprudence, Proctor found himself less and less able to get away. First he was required to give the names of other enchantresss that he saw and he merely refused to imply others. This is shown when he says, “ I speak my ain wickednesss. I can non judge another. ” Hale and Parris urged Danforth to accept this, which he grudgingly did. But so he required Proctor to subscribe a written confession. This was the breakage point and Proctor could n’t convey himself to subscribe it. Then play so reached its terrorizing decision as a complex but baronial person was killed.
Miller besides used gait as a technique to make tenseness. The gait is kept about changeless throughout all four of the Acts of the Apostless to guarantee that tenseness is n’t lost. Through the usage of this technique, Miller made the Crucible is easy to follow for the audience. He besides uses duologue and gait to help the edifice of tenseness up to the ultimate flood tide at the terminal of the drama.
An audience today would hold a different experience to the traditional audience because a modern audience would read the background information that Arthur Miller had included, which will impact how the character ‘s and the drama ‘s event are interpreted.
Finally, sing the historical context of the drama, “ The Crucible ” was written during the Red Scare of the 1950s, which was a clip of great fright in the United States about the spread of communism. Although Miller ‘s drama is about the Salem Witch Trials, he intended his audience to see analogues between the intervention of enchantresss in early American societies and the intervention of Communists in his ain clip.
In decision, associating back to the inquiry “ Why does John Proctor choose to decease instead than to lose his “ name ” ? “ , John Proctor was a good adult male who considered his name and his repute to be his most invaluable assets. He knew he had sinned when he committed criminal conversation and he believed that he should function a penalty for his wickedness. He chose to decease, instead than to acknowledge to crimes he had ne’er committed and he believed that he should decease with honor, whilst continuing his ain good name and the unity of his household, instead than holding to populating his life in shame and everlastingly repenting the wickedness that he had committed.