In every society, there exist authorization figures that are looked upon by their people to supply a fastness of security and leading. A competent leader is one who holds involvement in the public assistance of his people before his ain. He concerns himself with supporting justness instead than his position and personal involvements. In contrast to these ideal are the authorization figures portrayed in Gabriel Garcia Marquez ‘s Chronicle of a Death Foretold and Albert Camus ‘ The Stranger. With societies invariably looking to authorization figures for counsel, Marquez and Camus both utilize the literary devices of sarcasm and sarcasm to picture follies in the actions of the leaders and to knock their negative influence on the people.
Similar to the manner Marquez exposes the folly in the actions of the legal governments, Camus ‘ narrative in The Stranger besides exposes follies in the actions of the magistrate and justice as seen through the sarcasm on faith and the usage of verbal sarcasm. In a peculiar case during one of the interviews, the magistrate begins pass oning to Meursault about his religion in God. He so begins “ beckoning his rood about straight over [ Meursault ‘s ] caput, ” ( Camus, 68 ) in the hopes of motivating a sense of penitence in Meursault. However, when it is evident that Meursault is still unaffected, the magistrate becomes angered and “ thrusts the rood in [ Meursault ‘s ] face and was shouting irrationally ” ( 69 ) . Through such a reaction, it is apparent how the rational facade of the magistrate can easy be shattered merely like the religious facade of the bishop in Chronicle of a Death Foretold. Likewise, merely as how Marquez draws attending to the bishop ‘s selfishness, Camus besides efficaciously gives manner to the selfish nature of the magistrate. Alternatively of asking Meursault about his motivations or grounds for his offense like any ration and dignified legal authorization should make, the magistrate strives to asseverate his religion onto others. Yet, even his purposes to make so are flawed, because merely like the bishop, the magistrate does non represent or learn any true Christian values. He wields the rood as a beginning of power, anticipating every felon to cry at its sight as they have all done in the yesteryear. In making so, the magistrate utilizes the rood as a manner to reassure himself on the truth of his beliefs, non to convey others near to the religion. This manifestation of the magistrate ‘s selfish desires exemplifies how faith is satirized in Camus ‘ work. Through the actions of the magistrate, Camus shows how society exploits faith as a defence to avoid taking duty for their lives. Alternatively of utilizing spiritual religion to happen interior peace, the people in the society are taught by authorization figures, like the magistrate, to utilize faith for self involvement. Subsequently on in the novel, Camus uses verbal sarcasm to convey the follies of yet another legal authorization, the justice. Right before the beginning of Meursault ‘s test, he states, “ Harmonizing to [ the justice ] , he was at that place to carry on in an impartial mode the proceedings of a instance which he would see objectively ” and that the instance will be handled “ in the spirit of justness ” ( 86 ) . The really fact that justice vowed to been wholly impartial is extremely incredible, particularly with a instance refering a slaying. The folly to analyze here is the fact that everyone has their ain biass which, undeniably includes the justice. In The Stranger, it is evident as to how Meursault ‘s incredulity in God and his indifference to the universe deeply disturbs society. Society, nevertheless, can non manage to hold “ aliens ” or “ foreigners ” who live by other regulations. It demands obeisance, and nil less. In the terminal, Meursault is condemned to a barbarous destiny non because of the offense he committed, but the fact that he can non subject to such social outlooks. Meursault ‘s destiny has already been determined even before the test begins. Nothing about his test is viewed, argued about, or judged in indifferent look. As a consequence, his sentence will non salvage him any justness either, stressing the sarcasm in the words of the justice. In kernel, the justice is non present to administrate justness but to kill those outside of the recognized conformance. Camus uses this fact to knock how society has the disposition to follow the face-value criterions provided by higher governments.